Fars Province which is known as the cultural capital of Iran. is located in the south of iran and its center is Shiraz, with the area of 122,400 km. Fars province had a population of 4.57 million people, of which 61.2% were registered as urban dwellers (urban/suburbs), 38.1% villagers (small town/rural), and 0.7% nomad tribes. The etymology of the word “Persian” (From Latin Persia, from Ancient Greek Persis), found in many ancient names associated with Iran, is derived from the historical
importance of this region.
Fars, or known in Old Persian as pars, is the original homeland of the ancient Persians. The native name of the Persian language is Farsi. Persia and Persian both derive from the Hellenized form Persis of the root word Pars.
Agriculture is of great importance in Fars. The major products include cereal (wheat and barley), citrus fruits, dates, sugar beets and cotton. Fars has major petrochemical facilities, along with an oil refinery, a factory for producing tires, a large electronics industry, and a sugar mill. Tourism is also a large industry in the province.
Climate and wildlife
There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has cold winters with hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz is 16.8 °C, ranging between 4.7 °C and 29.2 °C.
The geographical and climatic variation of the province causes varieties of plants; consequently, variation of wildlife has been formed in Fars.moreover, the native animals of the province, many kinds of birds migrate to the province every year. Many kinds of ducks, storks and swallows migrate to this province each year . The main native animals of the province are gazelle, deer, mountain wild goat, ram, ewe and different kinds of birds.
The province of Fars includes many protected wildlife zones. The most important protected zones are:
۱- Toot Siah (Black Berry) Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located at the end of Boanat region.
۲- Basiran Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located 4 kilometers south to Abadeh;
۳- Bamu National Park, which is located north-east of Shiraz;
۴- Estahban Forest Park (Parke Jangaly), which is located on the outskirts of Touraj mountain;